Drug abuse

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This topic contains 6 replies, has 7 voices, and was last updated by Abiodun Ogunnika Abey 3 years, 2 months ago.

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  • #2116

    Drug abuse or substance abuse refers to the use of certain chemicals for the purpose of creating pleasurable effects on the brain. There are over 190 million drug users around the world and the problem has been increasing at alarming rates, especially among young adults under the age of 30. Apart from the long term damage to the body drug abuse causes, drug addicts who use needles are also at risk of contracting HIV and hepatitis B and C infections.


    Causes of drug use

    Drugs of abuse are usually psychoactive drugs that are used by people for various different reasons which may include:


    Curiosity and peer pressure, especially among school children and young adults

    The use of prescription drugs that were originally intended to target pain relief may have turned into recreational use and become addictive

    Chemicals may be used as part of religious practices or rituals

    Recreational purposes

    As a means of obtaining creative inspiration

    Drug categories

    Drugs of abuse fall into three groups and these include:


    Depressants: These cause depression of the brain’s faculties and examples include sleeping pills (barbiturates) and heroin.

    Stimulants: These cause stimulation of the brain, giving rise to alertness and increased bursts of activity. A rapid heart rate, dilated pupils, raised blood pressure, nausea or vomiting and behavioural changes such as agitation, and impaired judgement may also result. In severe cases, there may be delusional psychosis which can occur with the use of cocaine and amphetamines.

    Hallucinogens: These cause hallucinations and an “out of this world” feeling of dissociation from oneself. Hallucinogens may cause distorted sensory perception, delusion, paranoia and even depression. Examples includes ecstasy, mescaline and LSD.

    Examples of drugs include :tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, heroin etc

  • #2117

    Nice educative post

  • #2121

    Thanks for sharing

  • #2122

    Drug abuse is not only when someone takes strong drugs like cocaine etc,  taking panadol outside prescription or taking drugs meant for stomach upset for other uses against doctors prescription is also drug abuse.

  • #2132

    there are many forms of drug abuse this days ,we should be watchful and pray against peer effects on our wards .

  • #2143

    Even self medication most times is drug abuse. Thanks for sharing.

  • #2154

    Well? noted

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